Terrorists and rogue states could use artificial intelligence to wage war on the world, a group of international experts has warned,
A new report suggests that cybercrime will rapidly increase unless preparations are made against the ‘malicious’ use of super-smart computers.
The report is called ‘The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence: Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation’ and also warns of the rise of ‘highly believable fake videos’ impersonating prominent figures or faking events to manipulate public opinion around political events.
It also predicted that artificially intelligent bots will be used to manipulate elections and spread fake news on social media.
AI software features prominently in modern life. It is used to power virtual assistants such as Amazon’s Alexa and many smartphone features, as well as in driverless car technology and on an industrial scale to process large amounts of data.
Report co-author Dr Sean O hEigeartaigh, executive director of Cambridge University’s Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, said:
‘Artificial intelligence is a game changer and this report has imagined what the world could look like in the next five to 10 years.
‘We live in a world that could become fraught with day-to-day hazards from the misuse of AI and we need to take ownership of the problems – because the risks are real.
‘There are choices that we need to make now, and our report is a call-to-action for governments, institutions and individuals across the globe.
‘For many decades hype outstripped fact in terms of AI and machine learning. No longer.
‘This report looks at the practices that just don’t work anymore and suggests broad approaches that might help: for example, how to design software and hardware to make it less hackable – and what type of laws and international regulations might work in tandem with this.’
The report urges policymakers and researchers to work together to understand and prepare for how the technology could be used maliciously and calls for developers to be proactive and mindful of how it could be misused.
Those who contributed to the study include the Elon Musk-founded non-profit research firm OpenAI and international digital rights group the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
Tesla and SpaceX founder Mr Musk is a prominent voice on the dangers of the misuse of artificial intelligence, warning it could threaten the existence of humans if allowed to grow too rapidly.
Several prominent technology figures, including Facebook boss Mark Zuckerberg, have however spoken out in favour of artificial intelligence.
Mr Zuckerberg said last year he was ‘optimistic’ on the future application of the technology, and he has an ally in Microsoft founder Bill Gates, who told college students in the US last week that ‘AI can be our friend’ through its ability to help humans ‘produce a lot more goods and services with less labour’.