Autism is a developmental disorder that affects people from all socioeconomic classes. It is estimated that one in 100 people have autism. The condition is characterized by difficulties in social interaction and repetitive patterns of behavior.
Early diagnosis is important for autism treatment. Treatments include medication, therapy, and behavioral interventions.
When diagnosed in early childhood, autism symptoms can improve. However, the severity of the condition varies from person to person. Symptoms may include difficulties with social interaction, repetitive behaviors, and a lack of understanding of body language.
Some children with autism develop special interests. They may be interested in a certain color or toy, or they may prefer to spend time alone. Other children with ASD tend to be quieter than other kids their age.
People with ASD may also have organizational and time-management difficulties. In addition, they may struggle with pretend play. Similarly, they may use irrelevant information in conversations.
People with ASD may also have sensory processing issues. These can include intense feelings, such as sensitivity to noises and pain. Moreover, they may prefer to avoid eye contact and touch.
While there are no known cures for autism, many individuals can function normally in daily life. As communication improves, their quality of life can increase.
Children with autism often experience sleep disorders. If they have an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), their symptoms can be reduced with medication.
Parents can identify symptoms of autism by looking at their child’s development. In particular, they may notice that their child fails to make eye contact or gesture.